The Rosette Nebula (NGC 2237-2239)
Magnitude: 4.8 (for NGC 2244 star cluster in center)
Size: 80' x 60'
Distance: 5500 light years
RA: 6h 31m
Dec: 4 degrees 57' 00"
Rosette Nebula is a winter showpiece for
well as for visual observers at low power. This large emission
nebula is located in Monoceros and can be seen in dark locations with
the naked eye, especially if viewed through a UHC filter held up to the
sky. The nebula actually consists of several sections (NGC
2237-2239), with a central ladder like star formation known as NGC
2244. The central stars are young and newly-formed, and their
radiation is responsible for excitation of hydrogen atoms within the
nebula itself, which in turn emit light in the red. This is a
deep, 4 hour exposure in hydrogen alpha light, combined with 100
minutes of color data, which reveals a great
deal of faint nebulosity on the periphery of the Rosette, as well as
filaments that extend well outside of this field of view. I
compared this image to one taken by the POSS 50 years ago and detected several stars
exhibiting proper motion.
Date: November 23, 2007 (Ha data) and December 8, 2007 (RGB
FSQ106 at f5 on the Takahashi NJP
Autoguider: SBIG ST-402 with
Camera: STL11K -20C.
Filters: Baader 7nm
Ha filter (50mm unmounted); Astronomik RGB filter set.
Exposures: Ha- 12 x 20'; R- 5 x 6'; G- 6 x 5'; B- 5 x 8'.
Total exposure 5.7 hours.
Conditions: Temperature varied between 20-30 degrees
F over the course of the night on 12/8/07 (focusing every 1 hour).
This is an HaRGB composite.
Calibrated, aligned, and Sigma Clip combined
in Maxim, followed
in ImagesPlus (IP). Further processing in Photoshop CS (16
note: Graphics on this website may not be reproduced without
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